Minecraft is a sandbox video game created by Swedish game developer Markus Persson in 2009 and released by Mojang in 2011. The game allows players to build with a variety of different blocks in a 3D procedurally generated world, requiring creativity from players. Other activities in the game include exploration, resource gathering, crafting, and combat. Multiple game modes that change gameplay are available, including a survival mode, in which players must acquire resources to build the world and maintain health, and a creative mode, where players have unlimited resources to build with. The Java Edition of the game allows players to modify the game with mods to create new gameplay mechanics, items, textures, and assets. In September 2014, Microsoft announced a deal to buy Mojang and the Minecraft IP for $2.5 billion, with the acquisition completed two months later.
Minecraft has received critical acclaim and won numerous awards, and has been described as one of the most influential and greatest video games in history. Social media, parodies, adaptations, merchandise, and the MineCon convention played large roles in popularizing the game. It has also been used in educational environments, especially in the realm of computing systems, as virtual computers and hardware devices have been built in it. It is the single best-selling video game of all time, selling over 176 million copies across all platforms by late 2019, while having over 112 million monthly active players. A number of spin-off games have also been developed, such as Minecraft: Story Mode, Minecraft Earth, and Minecraft Dungeons.
Minecraft is a 3D sandbox game that has no specific goals to accomplish, allowing players a large amount of freedom in choosing how to play. The game world is composed of cubic 3D objects called "blocks" representing various materials, including dirt, stone, ores, wood, water, and lava. Core gameplay revolves around picking up and placing blocks, which are arranged in a 3D grid, while players can move freely around the world. Players can "mine" blocks and then place them elsewhere, enabling them to build things. Complex systems can be built using mechanical devices, electrical circuits, and logic gates built with an in-game material called redstone.
The game world is virtually infinite and procedurally generated as players explore it. Vertical movement is limited, but Minecraft allows an infinitely horizontally large game world to be generated on the horizontal plane, achieving so by splitting the world data into smaller sections called "chunks" that are created or loaded when players are nearby. The world is divided into biomes of terrain that include deserts, jungles, snowfields, plains, mountains, forests, caves, and various lava/water bodies. The in-game time system follows a day and night cycle, with one full cycle lasting 20 real-time minutes.
Players encounter various NPCs called mobs, such as animals, villagers, and hostile creatures. Passive mobs, including most ordinary animals and the aforementioned villagers, can be hunted for food and crafting materials. They spawn in the daytime, while hostile mobs, including large spiders, skeletons, and zombies, spawn during the night or in dark places such as caves. Other creatures unique to Minecraft include the creeper (a self-exploding plant creature) and the enderman (a creature that can teleport, pick up, and place blocks).
Minecraft has two dimensions besides the main Overworld: the Nether and the End. The Nether is a hell-like dimension accessed via player-built obsidian portals; it contains many unique resources and can be used to travel great distances in the Overworld. The player can build an optional boss mob called the Wither out of materials found in the Nether. The End is a barren land consisting of many islands floating in a void. A boss called the Ender Dragon dwells on the main island. Killing the dragon cues the game's ending credits and a poem written by Irish novelist Julian Gough. Players are then allowed to teleport back to their original spawn point in the Overworld and continue the game indefinitely.
The game consists of five game modes: survival, creative, adventure, hardcore, and spectator. It also has a changeable difficulty system of four levels. For example, the peaceful difficulty prevents hostile creatures from spawning, and the hard difficulty allows players to starve to death if their hunger bar is depleted.
- In Survival Mode, players have to gather natural resources from the environment in order to craft blocks and items. Depending on the difficulty, monsters spawn in darker areas outside a certain radius of the character, requiring players to build a shelter at night. Players a health bar that gets depleted by damage taken and a hunger bar that be periodically refilled by eating food in-game. Players can craft a wide variety of items, including as armor, weapons, and tools. Players can construct furnaces to cook food and process ores and can trade with villager NPCs through a bartering system. Upon dying, items in the players' inventories are dropped, and players respawn at their spawn point. Players may also acquire experience points by killing mobs, mining, smelting ores, breeding animals, and cooking food. Experience can then be spent on enchanting tools, armor, and weapons.
- Hardcore Mode is a survival mode variant that is locked to the hardest setting and has permadeath, which permanently deletes the world if the player dies. If a player dies on a multiplayer server set to hardcore, they are put into spectator mode.
- In Creative Mode, players have access to all resources and items in the game through the inventory menu and can place or remove them instantly. Players can toggle the ability to fly freely around the game world at will, and their characters do not take any damage and are not affected by hunger. The game mode helps players focus on building and creating projects of any size without disturbance.
- Adventure Mode was designed specifically so that players could experience user-crafted custom maps and adventures. Gameplay is similar to Survival Mode but with various restrictions applicable by the creator of the map, forcing players to obtain the required items and experience adventures in the way that the map maker intended. Another addition designed for custom maps is the command block; this block allows map makers to expand interactions with players through scripted server commands.
- Spectator Mode allows players to fly through blocks and watch gameplay without directly interacting. Players do not have an inventory, but can teleport to other players and view from the perspective of another player or creature. This game mode can only be accessed within the Java or PC edition.
Multiplayer is available through direct game-to-game multiplayer, LAN play, local splitscreen, and player-hosted and business-hosted servers. It enables multiple players to interact and communicate with each other on a single world. Single-player worlds have LAN support, allowing players to join a world on locally interconnected computers without a server setup. Multiplayer servers have a wide range of activities, with some servers having their own unique rules and customs. Many servers have custom plugins that allow actions that are not normally possible. In 2013, Mojang announced Minecraft Realms, a server hosting service intended to enable players to run server multiplayer games easily and safely without having to set up their own.
- Minecraft: Story Mode is an episodic point-and-click adventure game eveloped and published by Telltale Games based on Minecraft. Five episodes were released throughout late 2015 and early 2016, and an extra three episodes were released as DLC in 2016. A five-episode second season was released in 2017. The game centers around a new character named Jesse, who can be either male or female, as they and their allies attempt to save their world by defeating the Wither Storm.
|1. Minecraft Hunger Games|
2. Minecraft Revisited
|1. MARI THE MINECRAFT NOOB|
2. PLAYING HOUSE IN MINECRAFT
3. LOST AND ALONE IN MINECRAFT
4. MINECRAFT WAR ON LASERCORNIA
5. MINECRAFT WAR RAGES ON
|All episodes of MariCraft.|
|Minecraft (Honest Game Trailer)|